CCFMTC recognizes that sexual assault forensic examiners (SAFE)s perform a vital role in the criminal justice system by providing compassionate, trauma-informed clinical care and ultimately justice for sexual assault survivors.
Established in the California Penal Code with the primary mission to create forensic examination evidence forms and to train SAFEs, CCFMTC uses a medical model and trauma-informed practices for all SAFE training. We continue the valued partnership with education experts in nursing and medicine with a look to the future in conducting trainings at nursing and medical schools and using up-to-date simulation labs.
CCFMTC is funded by a state grant as a project of the California District Attorneys Association, which also recognizes the important role of SAFE teams and the multidisciplinary Sexual Assault Response Teams (SART)s.
This is a very challenging time for all Americans, especially those on the frontlines of healthcare. This includes those dedicated professionals providing forensic exams and healthcare to victims of sexual assault. These exams are provided in a variety of settings (and now more varied since the COVID-19 crisis has grown). The basic CDC guidelines (of which we are all well aware) apply universally, but the specific applications will be different in each unique exam setting. Dr. Angie Vickers, CCFMTC’s Education Director, is working with CalSAFE to develop more comprehensive guidelines. At this time there are no California guidelines for dealing with COVID-19 in the context of providing Sexual Assault Forensic Exams (CCFMTC has reached out to the California Department of Public Health). Because there are so many local variables, it is prudent for each examiner or exam team to work closely with your medical director, local public health department, and (if applicable) your local hospital to develop community strategies to facilitate the safe provision of these essential forensic/medical services for victims.
Originally published as a blog by Jennifer Benner on the National Sexual Violence Resource Center website (nsvrc.org) (October 2019)
The U.S. Department of Justice, Bureau of Justice Statistics (BJS), recently released new criminal victimization data for 2018. This report highlights data from BJS’s 2018 National Crime Victimization Survey (NCVS), which is a nationally representative survey that surveyed approximately 160,000 people about crime victimization they experienced in the prior six months of the survey. It collects information on threatened, attempted, and completed non-fatal crimes (including rape and sexual assault, robbery, battery, etc.) and household property crimes (burglary, trespassing, car theft, etc.) from people ages 12 and older. The survey collects data on crimes that were reported to the police, and crimes that were not reported to the police.
Thirty-seven percent (37%) of the total violent victimization experienced was identified
as rape or sexual assault.
The self-reported incidence of rape or sexual assault more than doubled from 1.4 victimizations per 1,000 persons age 12 or older in 2017, to 2.7 in 2018.
Based on data from the survey, it is estimated that 734,630 people were raped (threatened, attempted, or completed) in the United States in 2018.
Despite the increase in self-reports of rape and sexual assault, there was a decrease in reporting to police from 2017 to 2018. Forty-percent (40%) of rapes and sexual assaults were reported to police in 2017, but only about 25% were reported to police in 2018.
The 2018 NCVS survey was conducted during the energizing of the #MeToo movement, and high-profile news stories such as Harvey Weinstein and Dr. Christine Blasey Ford’s testimony during Brett Kavanaugh’s Supreme Court nomination. The #MeToo movement has led to an increase in awareness about sexual assault and rape, and has led to more people recognizing harmful experiences as rape or sexual assault.
However, the 2018 NCVS data continues to show that rape and sexual assault remain the most underreported crimes. One reason sexual assault survivors do not report to police is because of the many barriers they experience in the criminal justice system, such as long timelines, financial costs, and lack of privacy. So, while more people may be identifying what has happened to them as sexual assault or rape, these same people may not be reporting them to the police. This highlights the importance of prevention work and the goals of creating safe, respectful communities and healthy, positive relationships.